Showing posts with label EEK! Essential Episcopal Knowledge. Show all posts
Showing posts with label EEK! Essential Episcopal Knowledge. Show all posts

Saturday, October 31, 2015

EEK! Essential Episcopal Knowledge # 1-100

EEK!   Essential Episcopal Knowledge
E.D. Hirsch wrote a book with about 5000 items which he thought every American should know to be culturally literate.

So we are going to offer 1000 points for Episcopal Cultural Literacy which will be knowledge about the Bible, Church History, Liturgy and the Episcopal Church.  Warning! The order is not serial; it is ad hoc.  Test your "literacy!"

Credit: Many of these entries have followed the Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church and include adaption and paraphrases and rote use of this incredible resource.  Please refer to this resource for more definitions.

Disclaimer: All EEK should be a part one's developing relationship with God in Christ.  All EEK is but to support this life adventure.

1-What does Episcopal mean?
A: “Having bishops” from the Greek word for “over seer”  =episkopoi

2-What is a Sacrament?
A: A rite in the church defined as “an outward and visible sign of an inward and invisible grace.”

3-What are the seven Sacraments?
A: Baptism, Eucharist, Confirmation, Matrimony, Reconciliation of a Penitent, Prayer for the Sick and Ordination.

4-What is a dominical sacrament and which sacraments are dominical?
A: Dominical means, “commanded by our Lord” and Holy Baptism and Holy Eucharist are dominical sacraments.

5-What is a Pastoral sacrament?  Which sacraments are pastoral?
A:Pastoral refers to the type of care in the church inspired by Christ as the Good Shepherd.  Pastoral Sacraments are Confirmation, Ordination, Matrimony, Prayer for the Sick and Reconciliation of a Penitent?

6-What’s another older name for Reconciliation of a Penitent?
A: Private Confession

7-What are some other names for Holy Eucharist?
A: The Mass, Holy Communion, The Divine Liturgy, The Last Supper, The Lord’s Table, The Breaking of Bread

8-What is a Creed?
A: A Creed is an official confessional statement about what the church believes as essential to the expression of our faith.
9-Which Creeds does the Episcopal Church use?
A: The Nicene Creed and The Apostles Creed

10-What is the Nicene Creed?
A: A statement of Christian belief established in 325 in Nicaea at a gathering of bishops from around the world.  The Emperor Constantine asked the bishops to gather to standardize the Christian faith to avoid disunity in the Roman Empire.

11-When do we use the Nicene Creed?
A: After the sermon at Holy Eucharist.

12-What is the Apostles Creed?
A: It is a more ancient statement of belief believed to be handed on from the time of the Apostles and used for people to profess their faith before being baptized.

13-When do we use the Apostles Creed in the Episcopal Church?
A: At Morning and Evening Prayer and at funerals, and in question and answer form in the vows at Holy Baptism.

14-What is the Trinity?
A: The Trinity is the Christian belief that God is known to us to be as One God but in Trinity of Persons.

15-Who are the members of the Trinity?
A: God the Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit.

16-What is the Bible?
A: The Bible is the official Holy Book of the Christian Church.   Bible comes from the Greek “Ta Biblia” meanings the Books.  The Bible is a collection of books which span from the earliest written records of the Hebrew people and extend through the writings of the leaders of the early Christian communities.

17-What are the sections of the Bible used in the Episcopal Church?
A: The Hebrew Scriptures or Old Testament, The Apocrypha (writings in centuries just before Christ) and the New Testament.

18-What is included in the Hebrew Scriptures or Old Testament?
A: The Torah, called the Law or the Pentateuch, The Prophets, and the Writings.

 19-What is the Apocrypha?
A: These are writings in Judaism in the last centuries before Christ.  Many  may have been written in Greek and show the influences of Greek thinking.  They were later rejected by the Jews as being suitable to include in their Holy Book.  They were included by early Christians who were familiar with them by their inclusion in the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures.

20-What is the New Testament
A: Testament means covenant or the belief of God’s Contract with humanity on faithful living.  The New Testament presents Jesus Christ as the founder of the the Covenant between God and humanity.  The New Testament consists of four Gospels or narratives of the life of Jesus, the Acts of the Apostles as an early account of missionary journeys, and the Epistles or writings of instructions by St. Paul and other leaders for churches in various locations.

21-What are the four Gospel?
A: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John.

22-Who has the most writings in the New Testament?
A: St. Paul

23-When do Episcopalian read from the Bible?
A: In the assigned readings each day for Morning and Evening Prayer and on Sundays for the Holy Eucharist.  Episcopalians are encouraged to read the Bible for personal study as a discipline.

24-What is a lectionary?
A: A lectionary is a list of assigned Bible readings which gives a reading program to read through a significant portion of the Bible in a two year cycle for Morning and Evening Prayer and a three year cycle for the weekly Holy Eucharist.

25-What are the seasons of the Church year?
A: Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Lent, Easter and Pentecost

26-What word do we refrain from saying in Lent?
A: Alleluia

27-What are the four orders of ministry in the church?
A: Bishop, Priest, Deacon, Laity

28-How does one become a member of the laity?
A: Through Baptism

29-What does a bishop symbolize?
A: A bishop connects us with the church of the past and with others members of our church who live in other places.

30-What does a bishop do?
A: A bishop is the chief pastor of a diocese.

31-What is a diocese?
A: A diocese is a geographical area something like a State is a geographical area within our country.

32-What diocese is St. Mary's-in-the-Valley, Ramona, CA, located in?
A: The Episcopal Diocese of San Diego

33-Who is the bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of El Camino Real?
A: The Right Reverend Susan Snook

34-What is a Cathedral?
A: A Cathedral is a church building with the official “seat” or “chair” of the bishop.  Cathedra means seat

35-What does the word Catholic mean?
A: Catholic means “on the whole” and it refers to unity of all Christian.  This unity was expressed when all of the bishops of the church around the world met in the great councils of the church.

36-Is the Episcopal Church a catholic church?
A: It is catholic in that we state this belief in the Apostles Creed, “I believe in the one holy apostolic and catholic church.

37-Is the Episcopal Church a Roman Catholic Church?
A: No, the Roman Catholic Church  is organized around the leadership of the chief Bishop of Rome, who is called the Pope.  The Episcopal Church is a part of a worldwide church body called the Anglican Communion.

38-Who is the chief bishop of the Anglican Communion?
A: The chief bishop of the Anglican Communion is the Archbishop of Canterbury.  The Archbishop of Canterbury is also the chief Pastor of the Church of England.

39-Why isn’t The Episcopal Church a part of the Church of England?
A: After the American Revolution, the American citizenry were no long subjects of the King of England who was also Defender of the Church of England.  The American members of the Church of England who decided to help form a new country and government in America also formed what became The Episcopal Church.   American Anglicans could no longer express their allegiance to the English monarch.  The closeness of the Crown and the Church of England could not be retained in the new country.

40-Who was the first bishop in the United States?
A: Bishop Samuel Seabury

41-Where did Bishop Seabury become ordained as a bishop?
A: He was ordained in Scotland because he could not be ordained by the Church of England because the bishops in the United States could not make an oath of loyalty to the King.   

42-What does Protestant mean?
A: Protestant refers to a group of Christians throughout Europe who wanted to reform and change some of the practices which they found in the Roman Catholic Church.

43-What are the names of some of the most famous Protestant Reformers?
A: Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Hus, Huldrych Zwingli

44-What are some of the names of the churches which began during the Protestant Reformation?
A: Lutheran, Presbyterian, Baptist, Mennonite

45-Is the Episcopal Church a Protestant Church?
A: Yes, but we are also called the Middle Way.  We are both Protestant and Catholic because our identity has been formed by elements of both.

46-How is the Episcopal Church Protestant?
A: We came from the Anglican Church which was influenced by important practices of the Protestant Reformers, like reading, praying and preaching in the languages of the people who would come to pray, instead of the one liturgical language used by the Roman Catholic Church which was Latin.   The Anglican Church was formed by emphasizing the study and the importance of the Scripture in establishing our beliefs.    The Anglican Church believed that new practices did not have valid authority which had occurred after the time of the formation of New Testament writing during the time of early church leaders called the Church Fathers.

47-What disagreements did the Anglican Church have with the Roman Catholic Church?
A: The permission to use English for the prayers instead of the required Latin.  The concentration of too much church authority in the person of the Pope.  Mandatory celibacy for priests.   Certain beliefs about the afterlife and about the role of the Virgin Mary which could not be found in the Bible.  An understanding of salvation as a gift of grace rather than the works of human merit.

48-What is a deacon?
A: A deacon is an ordained minister of the church who is called to make the church aware of our duty to serve people in need.  Deacon means “servant.”  A deacon is under the administration of a bishop.

49-What does a deacon do?
A: A deacon serves people in need on behalf of the church.  A deacon leads the prayers of the people, reads the Gospel and sets up the altar for communion and administers the chalice.

50-What is a priest?
A: The word for priest in the New Testament was “presbyteros” which means elder.  The “presbyteros” would preside at the breaking of the bread.  After the Temple was destroyed in Jerusalem in the year 70, some of the priestly habits were taken over by Christian priests, especially in the celebration of the Eucharist.  Many Protestant churches removed the “priestly” ministry of the Eucharist in favor of having their leaders as pastors and preachers.

51-What does it mean to be a priest?
A: It means that one intercedes.  It means in prayer we ask God on behalf of other people.  Everyone is like a priest when they pray for others, but the Episcopal has “official” priests to remind us that the main role of the entire church is to pray for the people of this world and priests at the Eucharist remember that the life of Jesus was offered on behalf of the world.

52-Why do some people get baptized as infants and others as adult?
A: It depends upon the life circumstances of each person.

53-Why does The Episcopal Church baptize infants if they cannot understand what is happening to them?
A: Because the New Testament writers wrote about household baptisms.  Because baptism came from baptism in Judaism and when non-Jews converted to Judaism,  entire families would be baptized.  Because Jesus said the kingdom of God belonged to children.  Because Christian families raise their children as though they are always children of God in preparation for them becoming adults who will always learn more about being a child of God.

54-Why does The Episcopal Church confirm members?
A: Confirmation is related to baptism.  It is a rite of maturation when a person decides to “confirm” or agree with the promises which were made on his or her behalf when baptized as an infant.

55-Why is confirmation done by a bishop in the Episcopal Church?
A: Confirmation is like an official welcome by the chief pastor of the diocese.  It is both a personal and official welcome into a fuller participation in the Episcopal Church by the head of a diocesan family.

56-Are there fifty dioceses in The Episcopal Church just as there are fifty states in the U.S.A. ?
A: No, there are more than fifty dioceses.  California has six dioceses: California, Northern California, El Camino Real, San Joaquin, Los Angeles and San Diego.

57-What are the poetic verses in the Hebrew Scriptures which are said or chanted at nearly every liturgy of our Church?
A: The Psalms

58-Which Psalm begins with “The Lord is my Shepherd?”
A: Psalm 23

59-What famous king is associated with the Psalm, “The Lord is my Shepherd.”
A: King David who began his early boyhood years taking care of his family’s flock of sheep.

60-Why are David and Goliath famous?
A: David the shepherd boy defeated the tall Philistine giant warrior by hitting him in the head with a rock from his sling.

61-Which famous prophet was seen riding into heaven on a chariot of fire?
A: Elijah

61-Who was the famous man who was told to build a big boat because a big flood was coming?
A: Noah

62-Which prophet ran away from God and ended up spending three nights in the belly of a big fish or whale?
A: Jonah

63-Who is the most famous suffering person in Hebrew Scriptures or Old Testament?
A: Job, who proved that suffering does happen to good people.

64-What is the most famous cry of Job which is included in Handel’s Messiah?
A: “I know that my Redeemer liveth.”

65-Who was the chief musician attributed in many of the Psalms?
A: Asaph

66-What does messiah mean?
A: Messiah comes from the Hebrew “mashiach” and refers to the way in which the first kings of Israel were made kings.  It means “anointed one” because olive oil was poured on the head of God’s chosen king as a rite of recognition.

67-Who were the first messiahs?
A: King Saul and King David were anointed with the horn of oil by God’s representative Samuel who was a judge in Israel.

68-Why was the idea of a messiah important during the time of Jesus?
A: Israel  as a country which suffered because of bad kings and being conquered by other countries wished, prayed, and dreamed about another anointed leader who would be like David and be God’s chosen one to deliver Israel.

69-Why do Christians call Jesus the Messiah?
A: Christ or Christos in the Greek language means Messiah or God’s anointed one.

70-How can Jesus be a Messiah if he was not an earthly king like David who would bring freedom for Israel?
A: Christians believed that Jesus was a messiah because another idea of the messiah was a suffering servant.  Christians believe that the return of Christ in the future will be more like David who brings peace and justice to the world.  This idea of messiah means that we always look for leaders who will bring peace and justice.

71-Who are the Patriarchs of the Old Testament?
A: The Patriarchs are figures from the ancient stories of the people of Israel.  They are people like Adam, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

72-Who were the three sons of Noah?
A: Shem, Ham and Japheth

73-Why are Jews and Arabs called Semites?
A-Because they are said to have descended from Shem, son of Noah

74-What is the Old Testament story which recounts the reason that we have so many languages?
A: The Tower of Babel

75-How did the people of Israel get their name?
A: Jacob got his name changed to Israel when he wrestled with an angel.  From the sons of Jacob (Israel) came the names of the twelve tribes of Israel.

76-How did the people of Israel become slaves in the land of Egypt?
A: Jacob’s son Joseph was sold into slavery by his jealous brothers.  During a drought Jacob brought his family to Egypt where Joseph had ascended to power.  When Egypt forgot about Joseph, the power of the minority Israelites threatened the Pharaoh and the Israelites were made into slaves.

77-Why is Moses called the “prince of Egypt?”
A: He escaped the infanticide inflicted on Hebrew male children by being rescued and raised by an Egyptian princess.  Later Moses reconnected with his people  to lead them out of Egypt.

78-What was the name of the father in law of Moses?
A: Jethro

79-What were the 10 plagues inflicted upon Egypt before Israel escaped the country?
A: Water into blood, Lice, Flies, Diseased livestock, boils, hail and fire storms, locusts, darkness, death of first born.

80-Who was Moses’ brother?
A: Aaron

81-What distinction did Aaron have?
A: The founding person of the Levitical priesthood, being from the tribe of Levi

82-Who was Moses’ sister?
A: Miriam, famous for her Song of Praise on the defeat of the Egyptians

83-How did Israel escape from the pursuing Egyptian army?
A: They crossed the Red Sea when the waters parted.

84-How many years did the people of Israel wander in the wilderness?
A: 40 years

85-Who was the most famous Patriarch who Paul used to establish the valid faith experience of Gentile Christian?
A: Abraham

86-Who was Abraham’s first son?
A: Ishmael, whose mother was Hagar, a maid servant of Abraham’s wife.

87-What happened to Ishmael?
A: He became the Patriarch of the Arabs.

88-Who was Abraham’s wife?
A: Sarah

89-Who was Abraham’s second son but preferred son of the covenant?
A: Isaac

90-What does the name Isaac mean?
A: “laughter” because Sarah laughed when God’s messenger told Abraham that she would have a son in her old age.

91-Who is the oldest person listed in the Old Testament and how old was he?
A: Methuselah was 969  years.

92-What was the name of Isaac’s wife?
A: Rebecca

93-What was the name of Abraham’s nephew?
A: Lot

94-What two cities is Lot associated with?
A: Sodom and Gomorrah

95-Why is Lot’s wife famous?
A: She turned into a pillar of salt when she looked back at the cities of Sodom and Gomorrah as they were being destroyed by fire and brimstone.

96- How did the people of Israel survive in the wilderness for 40 years?
A: They ate a special bread that fell from the sky called Manna.  They also ate quails.

97-What does Manna mean?
A: It is from the Hebrew meaning “what’s that?” which was the reaction of the people when they first saw it.

98-What happened on Mount Sinai?
A: Moses went up alone to receive the laws of God written on stone tablets.

99-Why were there two sets of stone tablets of the law?
A: Moses in anger broke the first set when he saw that the people had built a golden calf to worship while he was on Mt. Sinai.  Moses had to return for God to make another copy.

100-What is the best known part of the law called?
A-The Ten Commandments or The Decalogue

Friday, October 30, 2015

EEK! Essential Episcopal Knowledge, 101-200

EEK!   Essential Episcopal Knowledge

101-What are the Ten Commandments?
A-Worship One God, Don’t make idols, Don’t use God’s name wrongly, Keep the Sabbath, Honor Parents, Don’t Steal, Don’t lie, Don’t kill, Honor marriage, Don’t covet

102-What was the traveling tent worship space called for the nomadic Israelites?
A: The Tabernacle

103-What was the center room of the Tabernacle called?
A: The Holiest of Holy

104-What was placed in the Holiest of Holy?
A-The Ark of the Covenant

105- What was inside of the Ark of the Covenant?
A: The Ten Commandments tablets, Aaron’s budding staff  and some perpetually fresh manna in a gold jar.

106-Who were the priests of the Tabernacle?
A:The Levites with Aaron being the first High Priest

107-Who was Jacob’s wife?
A: He had two: Leah and her sister Rachael.

108-Who were the two sons born to Rachael?
A: Joseph and Benjamin

109-Why did the half  brothers of Joseph dislike him?
A:  He appeared to be a dreamer, daddy’s favorite and a braggart.

110-How did Joseph and Rachael show favor to Joseph?
A: They gave him a special coat of many colors

111-Who wrote the last book of the New Testament?
A: St. John the Divine

112-Why is St. John called divine as author of the Book of Revelation?
A: He was said to be “in the Spirit” or in a state of divine union, a visionary dreamlike state.

113-Who are the twelve apostles or disciples listed in the Gospels?
A: Peter, James son of Zebedee, John, Andrew, Bartholomew, Judas Iscariot, Thaddaeus, James the Son of Alphaeus, Levi/Matthew, Philip, Thomas and Simon the Zealot.

114-Who replaced Judas Iscariot after his betrayal and suicide?
A: Matthias, who was chosen by lot

115-What Gospels include the stories about the birth of the baby Jesus?
A: Matthew and Luke

116-In what Gospel do we find the phrase of Jesus “born again” and to whom did Jesus say this?
A: In John, chapter 3 when he was speaking with Nicodemus.

117-Who was the doubting disciple who insisted on seeing and touching Jesus after his resurrection or he would not believe?
A: Thomas

118-What city became the chief city for the people of Israel, the place of the king’s palace and the great Temple?
A: Jerusalem

119-Who built the first Temple in Jerusalem?
A: King Solomon, son of David and Bathsheba

120-What Bible verse begins with “For God so loved the world…?”
A: John 3:16

121-Who was the most famous apostle to the Gentiles?
A: St. Paul

122-What was St. Paul’s name before he converted and what were his occupations?
A: His name was Saul, he was a rabbi or rabbinical student and a tentmaker

123-Which disciple betrayed Jesus to the guards who were employed by the Jewish religious leaders?
A: Judas Iscariot

124-How did Judas reveal Jesus to the guards who came to arrest him?
A: He kissed Jesus

125-What is the name of the place where Jesus was crucified?
A: Golgotha

126-Who was crucified next to Jesus?
A: Two thieves.
127-Where is the word “paradise” used in the Bible?
A: A quote from Jesus speaking to one of the thieves crucified on the cross next to Jesus.  Jesus told the thief that he would be with him in paradise.

128-What does the word hell mean in the New Testament?
A: Borrows the Greek word Hades for the afterlife.  Also uses the word “Gehenna” referring to a place near Jerusalem where animal carcasses were burnt.

129-What does the New Testament Greek for heaven mean?
A: The skies

130-What was the ancient church in the British Isles called?
A: The Celtic Church

130-When did the Celtic Church begin to diminish?
A: In the 7th century when a union was established with the Western Church headed by the Pope.

131-Why is the British Monarch called the Defender of the Faith?
A: Pope Leo X gave this title to Henry VIII for writing a treatise against Martin Luther

132-Why is King Henry VIII important in the church which has become the Anglican Communion?
A: His disagreement with the Pope over an annulment request led to acts of separation between King Henry VIII and Pope Clement VII.

133-Who was the Archbishop who granted a marriage annulment for King Henry VIII?
A: Thomas Cranmer

134-Why is Archbishop Thomas Cranmer important for the Anglican and Episcopal Churches?
A: Under his leadership he was the chief writer/editor of the first Book of Common Prayer.

135-What might be called the chief theological document in the Episcopal Church?
A: The Book of Common Prayer

136-Why is The Book of Common Prayer important for Episcopal and Anglican identity?
A: It allowed people to hear the public prayers of the church in the native language of England thus requiring that public prayer be accessible to lay and ordained persons.

137-Who are the men responsible for the early translations of the Bible into English?
A: John Wycliffe, Myles Coverdale, William Tyndale

138-What is the most famous English translation of the Bible called and when was it first published?
A:  The King James Version or Authorized Version, finished in 1611 and named after King James I who convened the conference which commissioned it.

139-What books of the Bible make up what the Jews would call the Torah?
A: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Deuteronomy, Joshua.  First five books of the Bible also called the Pentateuch or The Five.

140-Why were Bibles in the Codex format considered important?
A: Ease of use as they were individual pages rather than continuous writing on scrolls.

141-What does “canon” of Scripture mean?
A: Canon refers to the list of official books included in the Bible.

142-Why are there different “canons” of Scripture?
A: Because the Jews and different Christian churches have different lists of the official books in their Bibles.

143-Why would it be offensive to Jews for us to call their Scriptures the “Old Testament?”
A: Because for them it is not old, it is their official canon of Scriptures and out of respect one can refer to them as The Hebrew Scriptures.

144-Which book in the Bible has the opening words, “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth?”
A: The book of Genesis

145-In the creation story, who is the first man and first woman?
A: Adam and Eve

146-What does the Hebrew word for Adam mean?
A: It means man, humanity or mankind or in the creation story the name of the first man.

147-Why are some of the books of the prophets called Major Prophets and some called Minor Prophets?
A: The longer writings were called major, the shorter writings were called minor.

148-Who were the Major Prophets?
A: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel and Daniel

149-Why isn’t Elijah called a major prophet?
A: He did not write a book which became a part of the Hebrew Scriptures.

150-What are the titles of Jesus found in the New Testament?
A: The Messiah, the Christ, Son of God, Son of Man

151-Why is Jesus called the Son of Man and why is he portrayed as using that as a designation for himself?
A: It could be the Son of Man figure referred to in the Prophet Daniel.  The Son of Man was seen to be an apocalyptic figure associated with the end of time.

152-What was Samson famous for?
A: He was a very physically strong Judge of Israel who took the vow of the nazarite in not cutting his hair or drinking alcohol.  He was tricked by his Philistine wife who cut his hair and he lost his strength and was blinded by his Philistine captors.  He ended his life by pulling down the pillars of a building upon himself and his Philistine captors.

153-Why are the Bibles in hotels and motels called Gideon Bibles?
A: A group of American business people formed a group to distribute Bibles.  They took the name Gideon from a famous biblical judge named Gideon who was always ready to obey God and he helped to deliver his people from the onslaughts of the Philistines.

154-Why is the book of Daniel interesting for Bible scholars?
A: It was written in the last centuries before Christ but it is placed in the setting of the Persian Empire from centuries earlier.

155-What happened on the seventh day in the Genesis creation story?
A: God rested from creating.

156-What were the leaders in Israel called before they had kings?
A: Judges

157-Who was the female Judge of Israel?
A: Deborah

158-What is the prophet Balaam best known for?
A: He heard a donkey talk to him.

159-Why did the Prophet Jonah run away from the assignment which God gave him?
A: He did not want to preach to the foreign city of Nineveh because he thought the message from God was only for the people of Israel.

160-What instrument did King David play and for whom did he play it?
A: He played the harp and he played for King Saul to calm  Saul’s anxiety.

161-What was the assignment that Adam had with the animals of the Garden of Eden?
A: Adam named the animals.

162-Who were the first two sons of Adam and Eve?
A: Cain and Abel

163-What was the first murder recorded in the Bible?
A: Cain murdered his younger brother Abel because he was jealous that God had accepted Abel’s offering and not his own.

164-Who was the wife of Abraham who gave birth to Isaac?
A: Sarah

165-Where does the phrase “Jacob’s ladder” come from?
A: When Jacob was sleeping on a journey he had a dream about a ladder with angels going up and down upon it.

166-What is the name of the place where Jacob had his famous dream?
A: Bethel, which means “house of God.”

167-Where did John the Baptist baptize his disciples and followers?
A: The Jordan River

167-What was the last barrier crossed for the Israelites to enter the Promised Land?
A: The Jordan River

168-What is the name of the Mountain where Moses received the Law?
A: Mount Sinai

169-What is the special name for the holy area within the city of Jerusalem?
A: Zion

170-What is a word which comes from the Hebrew language which means “praise the Lord?”
A: Hallelujah

171- Why do we say Alleluia and not Hallelujah?
A: Alleluia is the Greek and Latin form in English and Hallelujah is a transliteration from the Hebrew language.

172-Who succeeded Moses as the leader of Israel and led them into the Promised Land?
A: Joshua

173-What is another name for the Promised Land in Palestine?
A: Canaan

174-What does the phrase “land of milk and honey” refer to?
A: This was the report of the spies who were sent to see what the Promised Land was like.

175-When Jesus is called the “Lamb of God,” where does the idea of lamb come from?
A:  The Passover Lamb or Paschal Lamb.

176-What does the word “Eucharist” mean?
A: It is from a Greek word which means “thanksgiving.”

177-When we confess a belief in the “Communion of Saints,” what does that mean?
A: It means  that we believe in the resurrection of people who have died and who live on in a continuing community of people.

178-What did Jesus do in the Temple which upset the leaders of the Temple?
A: He overturned the tables of those who were exchanging money

179-What is the Latin name of the Song of Mary?
A: The Magnificat

180-The monks prayed seven times a day in the monasteries; what happened to those seven prayer times in The Book of Common Prayer?
A: They were collapsed into Morning Prayer and Evening Prayer

181-What is the last prayer service of the day called in the Book of Common Prayer?
A: Compline

182-What are the issue years of the Books of Common Prayer which have come before the current American Book of Common Prayer?
A: 1549, 1551, 1559, 1662, 1789, 1928, 1979

183-What is word for miracle which is used in the Gospel of John?
A: Sign

184-What is the first Sign that Jesus performed as recorded in the Gospel of John?
A: He changed water into wine at a wedding in Cana of Galilee

185-Who is the “woman at the well” in the Gospel of John?
A:  She is the woman who Jesus encountered at a well in Sychar in Samaria.  Jesus asked her to draw water for him from the well.

186-Who was the first person to meet the risen Christ?
A:  Mary Magdalene

187-How did the people of Israel defeat the great walled city of Jericho?
A: They marched around it and blew trumpets and the walls came tumbling down.

188-What woman hid the spies of Israel when they were spying on the city of Jericho?
A: Rahab

189-What does the word Beatitude mean?
A: It means a statement of blessing.

190-What is another name for the section of the Gospel call the “Beatitudes?”
A: The Sermon on the Mount

191-What word do the beatitudes begin with?
A: Blessed

192-Where was Jesus born?
A: Bethlehem

193-Where did Jesus live his early life?
A: Nazareth

194-Why did Jesus not live in his town of birth?
A: His family returned to Bethlehem for the Roman census and the Gospel writers believed that Jesus came from the same place as King David.

195-Who were the three siblings who were friends of Jesus and who lived in Bethany?
A: Mary, Martha and Lazarus

196-Which disciple was the “treasurer” for the twelve disciples of Christ?
A: Judas Iscariot

197-Which disciple denied Jesus when Jesus had been captured by the soldiers?
A: Simon Peter

198-Which Gospel makes several references to the “Disciple whom Jesus loved?”
A: The Gospel of John

199-“I am the Way, the Truth, the Life” is found in which Gospel?
A: John

200-In which Gospel does Jesus say, “I am the good shepherd?”
A: John

Aphorism of the Day, January 2021

Aphorism of the Day, January 15, 2021 The words of the call of Jesus were: "Follow me."  If one wants to do an analysis of one'...